Monday, May 25, 2020
How woman are portrayed, and how they are oppressed of power, has been a hot topic for a long while. Although the situation for women has significantly improved, men and women are unfortunately still today not seen as equal. In this essay, two stories are going to be compared and analyzed to describe how two different authors portray womenÃ¢â¬â¢s power in their respective stories. In Sandra Cisenerors Only Daughter, she writes about the life of a girl living with six brothers and her parents. The author describes the difficulties of the main character constantly being undermined by both her father and brothers. Her brothers do not want to spend time with her because of her gender and her father often refers to her as a boy in the story. TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Each time, my father would seek out the parish priest in order to get a tuition break, and complain or boast: Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢I have seven sons.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ He meant siete hijos, seven children, but he translate d it as Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢sons.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢I have seven sons.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ To anyone who would listen. (Quoted in Only Daughter, page 1-2) This quotation shows that the author undermines the woman in the story as she is neglected by her brothers because they do not want to spend time with her and feel that it would be embarrassing to do so. Her father also undermines her by calling her a boy whenever he mentions his children to other people. However, in Joyce Carol Oates text, the main character is also undermined by her family, but the description of how she suffers unfair treatment is clearer and richer in details compared to Sandra Cisneros Only Daughter. In a conversation by the main character Connie and her mother in Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been the author gives several types of ways that Connie becomes undermined: Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢Stop gawking at yourself. Who are you? You think youÃ¢â¬â¢re so pretty?Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢Why donÃ¢â¬â¢t you keep your room clean like your sister? HowÃ¢â¬â¢ve you got your hair fixed - what the hell stinks? Hair spray? You donÃ¢â¬â¢t see your sister using that junk.Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ (Quoted in Where Are
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Introduction: In the year 2016, an e-commerce giant held a one-day sales bonanza that outsold Black Friday and Cyber Monday at all US retailers combined. It was not AmazonÃ¢â¬â¢s Prime Day; it was Chinese e-commerce company AlibabaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"SinglesÃ¢â¬â¢ Day Holiday,Ã¢â¬ in November of 2016, where approximately $17.8 billion worth of goods were sold, according to Business Insider (http://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-prime-day-vs-alibaba-singles-day-2017-7). Alibaba, founded in 1999 by Jack Ma to connect Chinese manufacturers to buyers, has grown into an e-commerce giant with a portfolio of innovative smaller companies working within it. However, the fact that a vast majority of their revenue is generated in China (83% of their revenue from Chinese commerceÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This is partially motivated by MaÃ¢â¬â¢s acknowledgement that Ã¢â¬Å"the Chinese economy is slowing and that the company s explosive gains in revenue and user additions in China have slowed.Ã¢â¬ While the Chinese market may still have some growth potential, reaching these massive goals will require global expansion to new markets. The US has a population of well over 300 million, and according to Pew Research, in the year 2015, 84% of American adults used the internet regularly (http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/06/26/americans-internet-access-2000-2015/ ), compared to ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s tightly restricted internet. Thus, Alibaba would be wise to expand into this country full of technologically active potential users. Relatedly, American firms Amazon and eBay both once sought a greater share in the Chinese e-commerce Market. Examining these companies provides an interesting lens for AlibabaÃ¢â¬â¢s potential expansion into the United States, as these companies faced a similar culture shock between China and the US. eBay attempted this entry in 2004, but failed due not comprehending the needs and wants of Chinese consumers (http://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.uml.idm.oclc.org/doi/10 .1002/tie.21739/full ), while Amazon entered in 2004 by purchasing Joyo.com, a book and music vendor. Although Amazon did not flame out in the manner of eBay, its share of the Chinese e-commerce market has hovered down around 1.5%. Both Amazon and eBay encountered
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Doing Sociology without Fear As we can see from their correspondence, Engels had introduced Marx to this kind of documentation, and indeed, he provided much detail from experience. If we consider MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s ethnographic gleanings from the Blue Books of the factory inspectors, and agree these update EngelsÃ¢â¬â¢ Condition of the Working Class in England, as Engels accepts when not updating this work on its reissue, we can see from where the political imperative of research as workplace inquiry is inaugurated. We are still picking up new words and phrases to try and name the movements that will succeed that old moribund ruling class. We have not perhaps done as well as we might. The task of adequately naming the working day in the present conjuncture remains fraught. Considering that the subjectivities at stake in a formal or abstract analysis of the structure or composition of capitalism, or in any historically specific analysis of the movement of class struggle through a given period of capitalism, are all categories of a certain degree of co-constitutive embrace (no work without capital here). It would be good to remember that the Ã¢â¬Å"working classÃ¢â¬ , and indeed, the Ã¢â¬Å"social movementsÃ¢â¬ , and of course, the Ã¢â¬Å"capitalistsÃ¢â¬ , as well as, their agents and protectors in parliament and the army, and the various specific intermediate characters are all social beings. Social beings in ever-moving actual struggles are co-constituted through the mediating and alienating frame of commodityShow MoreRelatedThe Moral Principles Of Ethics1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesreason, self-preservation and spirituality. Each one these sources contributed or dominated the moral values of society and therefore had different ideas on what was right and wrong. 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I developed a spinal deformity as a child and simple actions such as sitting still in the class room or while doing homeworkRead MoreThe Misunderstood Shark By Gregory Skomal1126 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestwo fishermen that killed a Ã¢â¬Å"potential menaceÃ¢â¬ (Skomal). His strong language evokes a creature. Most importantly, he uses the word Ã ¢â¬Å"potentialÃ¢â¬ . We donÃ¢â¬â¢t know for a fact if the shark was out to seek harm or just innocently swimming around the ocean without any intentions. Flash forward to fifty years later, he shares a part he was involved in by rescuing a shark from the same area. These two contradicting events help support his argument about our attitudes toward the shark over the decades. SharkRead MoreCulture Is A Way Of Life875 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages What is Culture? Culture is a way of life. A societal heritage that is derived from language, religion, values, personal beliefs and even music. 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In order to go about exploring the research question, using a combination of combining two social disciplines; psychology and sociology will help get a full understanding of the general idea. Psychology studies the functions of the human mind () which will help understand what goes through peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s heads when a social stigma is created and how it hinders them from seeking the help
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Charlie Parker, eventually took Davis on as his sideman, mentoring him and introducing him to the other big Ames in Jazz music at the time. For a short time, Miles Davis attended the Jailbird School of Music in NY but he left to pursue his Jazz career. He played with many of the most famous Jazz musicians throughout his career, he put together the album Kind of Blue in New York. This album explores the concept of Modal Jazz and Davis felt that Jazz improvisations and solos were too dependent on changing complex chord sequences.Therefore, he took away this restrictive element by having the soloist improvise over modes or scales, without having to worry about the chords hanging underneath. This makes the song quite long, as the Improvisations went on for quite a while-This Is longer than most Jazz styles, including bebop and cool Jazz. It is also quite a bit more laid back and relaxed compared to other Jazz styles. We will write a custom essay sample on Miles Davis: All Blues or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Musicians The frontline instrument the trumpet is played by Miles Davis. The frontline instrument alto sax is played by Julian Cannonball, also the other frontline instrument tenor sax is played by Dearly John Chlorate. The Plano Is played by Bill Evans and the double bass Is played by Paul Chambers. Also the drums are played by Jimmy cob. Melody The melody is played by the frontline instruments, and is mostly improvised. The main melody or head and the solos are all played over the 12-bar blues chord sequence based on the notes of a mode. The Improvisations are ornamented and combine riffs together.Structure All Blues uses a head arrangement, a structure often found in Jazz. A head arrangement is a chord progression which is memorized (in the head) by the players. The head arrangement in All Blues is the 12-bar chord progression. Jazz players refer to chord progressions as changes. Each repetition of the 12-bar progression Is known as a chorus. In All Blues each of the soloists Improvises In the choruses Like Each of the main sections is introduced by a 4-bar riff. A riff is a short repeated pattern. bar intro (rhythm section) 4-bar riff (saxes and rhythm section) Head 1 (a 12 bar head with muted trumpet playing melody) Riff and head repeated Four 12-bar choruses for trumpet Four choruses for alto sax Four choruses for tenor sax Two choruses for piano One chorus (all instruments with trumpet now muted) Head repeated Coda (solo muted trumpet) 2 bar blues In the key of G this would be Here is the chord pattern used in All Blues 67 (17) Get-no (17) E flat (flat VIA) F (flat W) 66 (16) All Blues is based around a repeated 12-bar blues chord sequence or th e changes with a four-bar linked riff between each section. The 12- bar blues chord sequences is based on the following chords where each box represents one bar. Adding extra notes to a chord (as in bars 9 and 10 above) is known as extending or alternating a chord a feature used a lot in Jazz. The structure of All Blues is based on the updated 12-bar blues chord sequence, which is repeated 19 times in total. Solos The main ideas for the solos are scale and arpeggio patterns. There are ornamented melodies and can be chromatic at times.Also the solos are modal and has very fast, difficult passages that are hard to play and also are syncopated. There are also links between each solo. The Piano combing loses its trill so that focus can be on Davis and the drum beat changes in preparation for the solos. The Saxes play in all the links but drops out at the end for all the solos. The link before Addresss solo, the saxes dont play and Davis drops out. The link before Chlorates solo, Dearly drops out but otherwise its the same as the previous link.Lastly the link before Evans solo, Chlorate drops out but otherwise is also the same as the two previous links. Accompaniment While the frontline instruments have the main melody, the rhythm instruments coma underneath. Combing is short for accompaniment and the instruments will play a backing for the soloists to improvise over. They improvise on the chords of the 2 bar blues structure. Tonality All Blues is an example of modal Jazz this means that rather than relying on complicated chord patterns the harmony focuses on a mode or scale and the improvised solos are freer.Tempo The time signature is 6/4 throughout, This means that there are 6 crotchets,l beat notes per bar. The piece is a Jazz Waltz at the start, this tells the performers that it should be played with emphasis on the first of each 3 beats 4,5,6). Ornamentation To add an ornament to a note is to decorate it. Different ornaments are used in this piece. Here are trills in the intro played by the piano and bass. There are also mordents, here they have written it out as they would be played, but are sometimes written as a gig-gag line over the note. There are also structurally which are short grace note before the note, it is easy to spot as it is a smaller note than normal and has a line through the tail. Instrumentation more effect. Also the trumpet uses a mute a Harmon mute with the stem taken out so it can build up to its solo. This piece, being in a Jazz style, uses Jazz harmony, this means there are plenty of TTS and TTS chords.
Wednesday, April 8, 2020
The Harlem Renaissance and the Hip-Hop Movement are a culmination of co- related cultural art forms that have emerged out of the black experience. White people understood black people more through their expression of art during both movements. Both movements brought about a broad cross-racial following and, ironically, in both instances brought about a better understanding of the black experience for white America. The bridge between Be-Bop and Hip-Hop was made by Quince Jones with the Back on the Block project; which featured such artists as Dizzied Gillespie, Miles Davis, Sarah Vaughn, Ella Fitzgerald, Divine Campbell, Ice Tea, Big Daddy Kane, AH B Sure, Barry White and many others. The artistic elements of both movements include literature, art, music, dance, musical theatre, film etc. Both movements were born out of a desire to find the best possible way of expressing their humanity.[l] The Harlem Renaissance The sasss usually stir up images of speakeasies and flappers, but for one group of Americans the decade became a time of rebirth known as the Harlem Renaissance. We will write a custom essay sample on Harlem Renaissance the Hip Hop Movement or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The Harlem Renaissance or Negro Renaissance is the term applied to the movement f Black Americans from the South to the North during the asses and asses. The Harlem Renaissance, which is also known as the Black Literary Renaissance and The New Negro Movement, began In the neighborhood of Harlem In New York City In which the spirituality and potential of the African-American community was articulated through deferent forms of artistic expression. The Harlem Renaissance was one generation removed from the Civil War. This time period coincided with black migration to the northern cities to look for employment opportunities that became available after World War I because these types of opportunities were not as deadly available to blacks In the South. In the Southern states there was a lack of freedom of expression for African Americans because it was generally demoralized by the Caucasian citizens of the South, with their repressive attitudes and mandates of the old Southern order (black art and other forms of creative expression In black culture was simply censored or manifested itself in an underground forum).The migration to the North, more specifically Harlem, led to African Americans finding an outlet for group expression and self determination as a means of achieving equality and civil rights. This era impacted literature (poetry and prose), music (jazz played in the notorious Cotton Club and elsewhere), visual arts (painting), and acting in musicals. In social clubs Like the Cotton Club. African Americans entertained on stage and waited the customers, while they catered only to white patrons. These white patrons would often travel to Harlem for the exotic entertainment.  Until the asss. Harlem was home mostly to Irish Immigrants. When they moved to the upper tip of Manhattan in the Indoor Section, however, the plentiful housing was made available cheaply, and became a magnet for the migrating blacks. Though racism metropolis for blacks. The scales of the economy were unbalanced based on race, so black people had to be creative. Although the Harlem Renaissance demonstrated the creation of a national black culture, during the Harlem Renaissance, African- Americans did not control their economic circumstances.As a result of their lack of control over rent policies, small businesses, banking, and mortgage loans, Harlem became a ghetto.   To deal with the poverty that was very real, even before the Depression, Harlem neighbors would often host house rent parties in their railroad flats. Perhaps, considered the most innovative form of black entertainment and an institution created in response to the sorry reality that Harems inflated rents ($12 to $30 a month) were higher than in other areas of Manhattan.Salaries paid to African Americans were lower than those of their white counterparts, the average Harlem resident spent 40 percent of his or her income on rent and if it wasnt paid by Sunday, the landlord put the furniture out on the street on Monday. Rent parties allowed for the residents of Harlem and other poor ghettos to pay their rent on time and avoid eviction. The rent party also represented the way that African-Americans overcame the oppressive surroundings of the ghetto. For example, in Rent Party Jazz, written by William Miller, a Jazz musician gives a rent party in order to raise money for a certain family in need. In this way, rent parties not only assisted people in paying the rent, but it also helped the growth and development of Jazz as a music genre. Through Jazz music and the celebratory nature of the parties, a community was built.   The Harlem Renaissance arguably lasted about 15 years and is said to have ended with the onset of the Great Depression. The European American infatuation with the Negro declined in the asses, in large part due to the collapse of the stock market. Also, the depression exposed the economic vulnerability of Harlem, given that much of the real estate in Harlem was owned by European Americans; and when the depression hit, African Americans lost their Jobs at faster rates than European Americans, caused foreclosures on mortgages, evictions from rental properties, and a depression and alienation from the American Dream that was expressed violently in the first modem race riot, the Harlem Riot of 1935. For mom, that riot symbolized that the optimism and hopefulness that had fueled the Harlem Renaissance was dead.The end of the Harlem Renaissance was a personal event occurring when he or she consciously disassociated from the movement.  The Hip-Hop Movement The Hip Hop Movement was born out of poverty in New York (more specifically the boroughs of NYC), racism in America, a need for a voice in the Civil Rights Movement, presence of the Black Panther Movement, declined importance of the Church, heroin/ crack epidemic, growing gang influence, loss of fathers in the home, loss of Jobs, loss f community support and an extreme feeling of hopelessness. Music is the most powerful means of human expression.It personifies love, anger, disapproval, happiness and life-experience; music speaks to us because it comes from us. Music allows us to express our feelings about life and it allows us to convey political messages. Each person, in each phase of the human experience in history has instinctively and systematically changed the music of the past to represent the realities of the present. In this century, black music, more specifically Hip Hop/Soul ND passion in such a way that the world had no other choice but to feel its power and be in awe of its brilliance.When one discusses the relationship between Hip- Hop music and the Harlem Renaissance we begin to see some similarities and some differences.  What do people think of when they hear the word hip-hop What do you think Usually people will think of a style of music, generally rap. Hip-hop, however, is more than Just music; it is a way of life, a culture. Hip hop as a cultural movement has gone through an independent sequence of movements or changes hat manifested itself in B-boning known as break dancing, free-styling, scratching, beat boxing, graffiti writing, Decaying and Emceeing.DC Cool Here is credited with originating Hip Hop in Bronx, New York. It started as an artistic commitment used to free the participant from oppressive social conditions in the African American, Afro- Caribbean and Latino American communities of New York City in the late asses (with the South Bronx being the epicenter meaning the very center of Hip-hop or the focal It was DC Africa Bumboat who outlined what he called the five liars of hip-hop culture Emceeing, Decaying, breakfasting, graffiti writing and knowledge.In 2003, the Oxford English dictionary added pat, Jaggy, dope, and breakable to the online updates of its dictionary. Slang terms like blind and baby mama are now so conversational that you can hear them spoken on the news. Clothing trends like tracksuits and hoodoos are no longer limited to rappers gear, but are worn by everyone. Other elements include beat boxing, hip hop fashion, and slang. Since first emerging in the Bronx, the lifestyle of hip hop culture has spread around the world. ] When hip hop music began to emerge, it was based around disc Jockeys that created rhythmic beats by looping breaks (small portions of songs emphasizing a percussive pattern) on two turntables, which is now more commonly referred to as sampling. This was later accompanied by rapping (a rhythmic style of chanting or poetry more formally in 16 bar measures or time frames) and beat boxing, a vocal technique mainly used to imitate percussive elements of the music and other tricks of the trade.An original form of dancing and particular styles of dress arose among followers of this genre of music. These elements experienced considerable refinement and development over the course of the history of the culture. Some rappers today use violence and other offensive subjects in the lyrics of their rap music. Gangster Rap is a form of rap expression that became popular during the late asss to mid asss with the insurgence of groups like NNW (Naggers with Attitude) from the west coast. Gangster rap would express hate towards police and women and glorified drugs and murder. This was the ultimate reason for the deaths of two of the greatest rappers of the hip-hop era, Tuba Shaker and Christopher Wallace known as The Notorious B.I. G. Since the deaths Gangster Rap has died down a bit but can still be heard on radio and seen video to date. However, recently there has been a lot more peaceful rap songs emerging because of very real subjects such as wars, poverty and terrorism subjects that everyone can relate to in times like these.  Hip-hop has changed dramatically since it originated in the early asss.It has changed from a way to express ones feelings into a business that has everything to do with making lots of money. Most of the lyrics in todays hip-hop music reflect lines about drugs, violence, and fashion, movies, literature (poetry), music, visual arts (painting), and acting.  Hip- hip is a multi-million dollar industry that changed the face of fashion. Russell Simmons is one of the most important businessman in the history of rap music. As co-founder of the Deaf Jam label, Simmons street-friendly demeanor and marketing as. Y helped bring hip-hop into the mainstream of American culture and mass media. Hes often been compared to Mouton trailblazer, Berry Gourd, but theres one age difference: Berry Gourd looked for ways to make the music that he was producing (RB) cross-over so that it would be considered respectable by pop audiences and mass media, Simmons ensured that his artists remained as uncompromising and as rebellious as possible. That attitude made hip-hop music of choice for a generation of teenagers simply by staying true to its roots. In fact it is a multi-cultural phenomenon that succeeded on its own terms, thereby, crossing over without making the effort to do so. Russell Simmons went from producing rap music to putting poetry and comedy on television and in theatres. 10] In 1999, Simmons sold the remainder of his 40 percent share of Deaf Jam to Universal Music Group for a reported 100 million dollars, staying on as a nominal chairman. He remains one of the most respected figures in the rap business, and continues to take an active interest in shaping the cultures future direction. 10] One of the many positive side effects of the hip hop culture is that it encourages corporations to recruit a diverse group of individuals. Recruiting minorities who have the pulse of this culture becomes an imperative because the African American market alone has $325 billion in buying power. A multitude of organizations that appeal to the hip hop culture have diversified for competitive advantage, it makes good business sense. For example, half of Universal Music Groups employees are minority.This organization is number one in market share in the U. S. , Europe, Latin American and Australia. The record labels overall market share is 23 percent globally and 25 percent in the U. S. [1 1] There are various Crossover examples during the Harlem Renaissance and the Hip Hop Movement. During the Harlem Renaissance there was a marked increase of writers, Caucasians, and visual artists in New York City; this sparked interest in black culture, especially among upper-middle class white New Yorkers, who came uptown to experience black life. This led to significant relationships between black artists and whites like Carl Van Bechtel who sought to promote the artistic work of blacks. It also sustained nightclubs like the Cotton Club, which had flowerpots that often portrayed blacks as primitive. Black people were forced to portray themselves a certain way in order to be deemed employable. Often times blacks of a very fair complexion loud pass for white in an effort to assimilate amongst the white population, gaining access to clubs like the Cotton Club as a patron.
Monday, March 9, 2020
The Theme of Jack Londons To build a fire The significance of the words 'dying and death' in Jack London's 1910 novel, 'To Build a Fire' continuously expresses the man's dwindling warmth and bad luck in his journey along the Yukon trail to meet 'the boys' at camp. London associates dying with the man's diminishing ability to stay warm in the frigid Alaskan climate. The main characters predicament slowly worsens one level at a time finally resulting in death.The narrator informs the reader that 'the man' lacks personal experiencetraveling in the Yukon terrain. The old-timer warned the man about theharsh realities of the Klondike. The confident main character thinks ofthe old-timer at Sulphur Creek as 'womanish.' Along the trail, 'the man' falls into a hidden spring and attempts to build a fire to dry his socks and warm himself. With his wet feet quickly growing numb, he realizes he has only one chance to successfully build a fire or face the harsh realities of the Yukon at one-hundred nine degrees below freezing.Jack London`s cabin, Dawson, Yukon, Canada. An ide...Falling snow from a tree blots out the fire and the character realizes 'he had just heard his own sentence of death.' Jack London introduces death to the reader in this scene.The man realizes 'a second fire must be built without fail.' The man's mind begins to run wild with thoughts of insecurity and death when the second fire fails. He recollects the story of a man who kills a steer to stay warm and envisions himself killing his dog and crawling into the carcass to warm up so he can build a fire to save himself.London writes, 'a certain fear of death, dull and oppressive, came to him.'As the man slowly freezes, he realizes he is in serious trouble and can no longer make excuses for...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Making an Aggressive Case for Day Cares Benefits by Sally Kalson - Essay Example Belsky creates daycare advantage. While the professor failed to provide emphasis that aggressive children based on the study conducted do not exhibit aggression outside of the normal greater population, some 28 researchers interpreted the same outcomes differently. As one documented result, enhanced progress in language and cognition was observed from children who have obtained significant quality care within four and a half years. In reference to the issue with a deficiency in other aspects of daycare, Campbell argued: Ã¢â¬Å"We canÃ¢â¬â¢t regulate the way people behave with kids, but there are things we can regulate in child care, such as training, education, and ratios.Ã¢â¬ The statistical information shown via the Bureau of Labor Statistics can be met halfway by employers who might as well consider granting flexible schedules for parent workers who seek to attend to their children despite the 30-hour daycare provision (Kalson). Critical Analysis Despite the misrepresentation committed on the part of Belsky, it may be indispensable to note the findings on the degree of perceived aggression alone for monitored investigation of behaviors in variation with time. KalsonÃ¢â¬â¢s column must have probed into the professorÃ¢â¬â¢s chief point of demonstrating studies confined only to certain aspects for he could have meant necessitating a focus on an area over the rest which does not quite deserve lead priority. The flaw in the columnistÃ¢â¬â¢s writing may be detected then on assessing the extent of knowledge drawn on behalf of the professor. Apparently, besides not paying regard to describe an aggressive child more concretely, nothing further is mentioned about BelskyÃ¢â¬â¢s justification of the questionable statement. It would have made a more just and impartial article if adequate views are conveyed by or inquired from the party under criticism despite some contradiction via statistical figures. If, however, Kalson intended to deliver BelskyÃ¢â¬â¢s results already in the state of their completeness, then her argument would suffice in rationalizing around the findings of other researchers to have the professorÃ¢â¬â¢s claim brought to correction.Ã Ã